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CINCH - Forschungszentrum für Gesundheitsökonomik

New CINCH Working Paper

02.08.2021

A new working paper has been added to the CINCH working paper series: "School Health Programs: Education, Health, and Welfare Dependency of Young Adults" by Signe A. Abrahamsen, Rita Ginja, and Julie Riise.

Abstract: This paper provides new evidence that preventive health care services delivered at schools and provided at a relatively low cost have positive and lasting impacts. We use variation from a 1999-reform in Norway that induced substantial differences in the availability of health professionals across municipalities and cohorts. In municipalities with one fewer school nurse per 1,000 school-age children before the reform there was an increase in the availability of nurses of 35% from the pre- to the post-reform period, attributed to the policy change. The reform reduced teenage pregnancies and increased college attendance for girls. It also reduced the take-up of welfare benefits by ages 26 and 30 and increased the planned use of primary and specialist health care services at ages 25-35, without impacts on emergency room admissions. The reform also improved the health of newborns of affected new mothers and reduced the likelihood of miscarriages.This paper provides new evidence that preventive health care services delivered at schools and provided at a relatively low cost have positive and lasting impacts. We use variation from a 1999-reform in Norway that induced substantial differences in the availability of health professionals across municipalities and cohorts. In municipalities with one fewer school nurse per 1,000 school-age children before the reform there was an increase in the availability of nurses of 35% from the pre- to the post-reform period, attributed to the policy change. The reform reduced teenage pregnancies and increased college attendance for girls. It also reduced the take-up of welfare benefits by ages 26 and 30 and increased the planned use of primary and specialist health care services at ages 25-35, without impacts on emergency room admissions. The reform also improved the health of newborns of affected new mothers and reduced the likelihood of miscarriages.

See all working papers.


New CINCH Working Paper

19.07.2021

A new working paper has been added to the CINCH working paper series: "COVID Angels Fighting Daily Demons? Mental Health of Healthcare Workers and Religion" by Emilia Barili, Paola Bertoli, Veronica Grembi, and Veronica Rattini.

Abstract: Relying on a unique survey of more than 15,000 respondents conducted from June to August 2020 in Italy, we show that priming religiosity in healthcare workers decreases the level of self‐assessed mental distress experienced during the first wave of the COVID‐19. We show that priming religiosity decreasesself‐assessed mental distress by 9.5%. Consistent with the idea that religiosity serves as a coping mechanism, this effect is stronger for the more impacted categories (e.g., hospital workers) and for respondents facing more stressful situations, such as being reassigned due to the COVID‐19 emergency or working in a COVID‐19‐related specialty (e.g., emergency care), among others. Moreover, higher effects occurs also among physicians who self‐classify as religious, while this distinction does not apply for nurses.

See all working papers.


Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

Am Montag, den 12. Juli 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, wird Amelie Wuppermann (Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg) ihre Forschung präsentieren:

The Toll of Voting in a Pandemic? Municipal Elections and the Spread of COVID-19 in Bavaria

This study investigates whether the municipal elections that were held on March 15, 2020 in Bavaria -- shortly after the WHO declared COVID-19 a global pandemic -- contributed to the spread of COVID-19 cases and COVID-related deaths in this German state. Constructing synthetic controls for each of Bavaria's 96 districts based on the other German districts, we find that about 86 per 100,000 -- over a third of the increase in positive test results between March 15 and April 4 in Bavaria --  cannot be explained by district-level demographic, economic, health or child care characteristics, nor by the distance to Ischgl. Furthermore, within Bavaria, districts with higher voter participation had a higher increase in COVID-19 cases and deaths after the election, even when holding other drivers of the spread of the virus, such as distance to Ischgl and strong-beer festivals constant. Our results are highly robust and suggest that elections can be spreaders of infectious diseases. They call for future research to investigate the role of elections  for the spread of infectious diseases.

Raum: Aufgrund der aktuellen Lage in Bezug auf die COVID-19-Pandemie findet der Vortrag in einem virtuellen Seminarraum statt. Für mehr Informationen klicken Sie bitte hier.